Legislation

Disability Rights of People with Disabilities Act 2016 (RPWD ACT 2016)

(Equal Opportunity Protection of Rights & Full Participation)
Disability Act provides support and rights to people with disabilities to enable them to have equal opportunities in participating as productive and contributing citizens. It includes measures for the prevention and early detection of disability, social security, research and manpower development. 

RPWD ACT 2016

Disability Act covers 7 conditions as Disability. They are

1. Blindness No vision at all
2. Low vision Visual capacity to execute a task with appropriate devices.
3. Leprosy cured 3 stages
  • a. Cured but loss of sensation in hands & feet, and paresis in the eyes and eyelids
  • b. Though deformed, mobile to do normal economic activity
  • c. Can't take up employment due to extreme physical deformity
  • 4. Hearing impairment Loss of 60 decibels or more
    5. Locomotor disability Disability of bone joints or muscles leading to limb movements
    6. Mental illness Other than mental retardation any other mental disorder
    7. Mental retardation Condition of arrested or incomplete development of a person

    The Act proposes to identify posts which can be reserved for persons with disabilities. It will not be less than 3% of which 1% will be reserved for each of the categories of disability

    • Blindness or low vision
    • Hearing impairment
    • Locomotor disability or Cerebral Palsy

    In a nutshell, the Act proposes that Govt. and local authorities shall promote and sponsor research to prevent disability, rehabilitation of disabled, identify jobs for them, develop disabled-friendly structural features in their set up.

    More details on www.socialjustice.nic.in



    National Trust

    The National Trust for Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability was enacted by Parliament into law in December 1999.

    Our Aim 


    Mahatma Gandhi has said
    Be the change 
    You want to see
    In the world.

    Following issues are covered in this booklet :

    The objectives of the National Trust are:

    • To enable and empower persons with disability (covered by the National Trust) to live as independently and as fully as possible within and as close to the community to which they belong;
    • To strengthen facilities to provide support to persons with disability to live within their own families;
    • To extend support to registered organizations to provide need based services during the period of crisis in the family of persons with disability;
    • To deal with problems of persons with disability who do not have family support;
    • To promote measures for the care and protection of persons with disability in the event of death of their parent or guardian;
    • To evolve procedure for the appointment of guardians and trustees for persons with disability requiring such protection;
    • To facilitate the realization of equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation of persons with disability; and
    • To do any other act which is incidental to the aforesaid objects.


    The National Trust helps:

    • To hope more than others consider it wise;
    • To trust more than others consider it safe;
    • To care more than others consider it necessary;
    • To build more than others consider it practical;
    • To dream more than others consider it realistic; and
    • To be more than others consider it possible.


    The National Trust is a new initiative. It is also a very challenging one. For the first time ever, the interests of the four categories of disability covered by the Trust are being served through a legislation specifically designed for them. Those concerned or interested should join this National Movement and become stakeholders in the realization of the dreams.

    For more information please contact:
    Tel: 91+11+3217411 / 13 or
    Fax : 91+11+3217414
    E-mail: nationaltrust@ren02.nic.in


    Tax Rebate/Exemption

    Diagnosis can be made on the basis of
    Income Tax Rebate
    There is a Rebate in Income Tax available for those who have family members suffering from any type of disability, and that includes dementia.

    Care givers can consult their auditors giving following reference
    P No 142/36/96 TPL dated 11th March 1997 Government of India, Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue, Central Board Of Direct Taxes. S.O.No 184 (E) Rule 2 sub section (l) under section 80 DDB of Income Tax 1961 read with the rule 11 DD of Income Tax Rules , 1952

    Professional Tax Exemption:
    As per rule 32 of the Professional Tax Rules 1975, parents of children with permanent disability and mental retardation are exempt from paying professional Tax (Reference: trade Circular No PFT-1095/Adm-7/87/B-1109, Cir No 34- T of 1996, Mumbai dated 6.11.96